2003 Space News
Smallsats rising... More about
the growing popularity of smallsats: A
Big Leap for Small Satellites - Wired News - Sept.29.03. Note
that these were pioneered by the AMSAT and student satellite
Satellite, for example, which is mentioned in the article, is
from the University of Surrey's satellite program.
Reentry via inflatable shield...
(Inflatable Reentry and Descent Technology) is a joing German/Russian
project - RRSS (Return
& Rescue) at Space Systems GmbH - that is developing a potentially
low cost way to return vehicles and cargo from space. More
Parts via bits... Rapid
prototyping has occasionally been suggested as a way
to create products in space from a bulk medium of some sort. This
would be great for creating replacement parts for support equipment.
Looks like this technique might also work for electronics: Want
a PC this Xmas? Then print it -CNN.com - Sep.29.03
Rocket history ... This site
J. MALINA engenieur en astronautique (link via Andrew Case)
offers several interesting rocket history articles including:
28, 2003 Space News
Now this is REALLY
low cost access to space:
More great comic book ads at SUPER
MARKETING: Ads from the comic books (via Boing,
Past & future exploration...
This link (via the Spacecraft
weblog ) reviews the planetary science missions since 1978 and
those planned for the next few years: Long,
Strange Trips - Astrobiology Magazine - June.30.03 - planetary exploration
timeline since the 1970s. The next Mars orbiter will approach
spysat imaging capability: If
You Thought That Was a Close View of Mars, Just Wait - JPL - Sept.23.03
- Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter - 2005
Smallsat to the Moon... The
lessons of the student and amateur
satellite accomplishments have started to reach the government
space programs. The ESA launched yesterday an innovative small scientific
probe to the Moon: Europe's
lunar adventure begins - BBC - Sept.28.03. The SMART-1
shows that a lot can be done with high degree of miniaturization.
With its low thrust ion drive the probe will take a long time to
reach the Moon but the engine is very efficient and will deliver
a much larger payload that a chemical rocket could have done.
Congrats to Sven
Grahn, long time space radio and AMSAT enthusiast, who was a
top manager on Smart-1
at SSC (Swedish Space Corp.).
Six other smallsats were launched
on a Russian booster last week Kosmos
3M Booster Carries Six Satellites to Earth Orbit - Space.com - Sept.27.03.
On the manifest were three disaster imaging satellites: Disaster
aid satellites launched - BBC - Sept.27.03, including NigeriaSat-1.
More about NigeriaSat-1 at Country's
First Earth Satellite for Launch Sept 26 - AllAfrica - Sept.26.03.
micro-satellite for launch - Vanguard - Sept.16.03 * National
Space R&D Agency of Nigeria.
Also, the payload included a satellite (Mozhayets-4) built by students
at Mozhaiskiy Military Space Engineering Academy in Russia.
26, 2003 Space News
Spacecraft reviews... In his
Prof. Chris Hall at Virginia Tech regularly reviews a particularly
interesting satellite or deep space probe. Here is his list so far:
of the Day - Spacecraft: September 2003 Archives
Disney space DVD... The famous
documentaries made in the 1950s with the help of Wernher
von Braun will be released on DVD in December. The Walt
Disney Treasures: Tomorrowland (DVD) includes Man In Space,
Man And The Moon,Mars And Beyond, and Eyes In Outer
Space. The first three programs were hugely influential in convincing
Americans of the feasibility of space exploration and helped to
set up the response to Sputnik and the Space Race that followed.
The disk also includes a science program called Our Friend The
Atom and segment about EPCOT by Walt Disney not long before
My thanks to a HS reader for telling me about the release of this
at Amazon.com (commission link)
ISS life goes on... While arguments
and battles continue over how to get the shuttle flying again and
what to replace it with, life and work goes on aboard the ISS.
For example, the crew
does science : Space
Station Ingenuity: Researchers have dreamed up some ingenious experiments
using odds and ends onboard the ISS.- Science@NASA - Sept25.03....
... they chat over ham
radio with students: ARISS
News * Astronaut
Relives High School Days via Amateur Radio - ARRLWeb - Sept.19.03
Lu Answers Questions from Students at his Alma Mater - ARRLWeb -
... and they play music: Space
Station Notes: A surprising number of astronauts are also musicians--and
they love to play in space. - Science@NASA - Sept.4.03 * Ed
Lu is "The Piano Man" Aboard the ISS - ARRLWeb - July.23.03
Tech: Magic paper... One of
the oldest visual mediums - pigments in oil - could make for high
tech flexible display: New
electronic paper displays video too - CNN.com - Sep.24.03 *
may offer video images - New Scientist - Sept.24.03
More Tech briefs... Another
good article about quiet
supersonic flight and the recent successful tests: Curvy
aircrafts could silence sonic booms - New Scientist - Sept.24.03
... Cyborgs on the horizon:
waves drive man's bionic arm - CNN.com - Sep.25.03
24, 2003 Space News
Mars essay contest... The Mars
Society is sponsoring this essay contest : Mars
Society Launches 'Why Should We Go There' Contest - Martian Soil.
Deadline is November 15.
Boeing teaches space... Boeing
offers some nice educational materials including this extensive
of Flight website that covers topics in both aviation and spaceflight.
You can download several posters (in pdf format) with instructions
on experiments for youngsters. This Boeing file, via the Satellite
Industries Association website, provides an intro to satellites:
What is a Satellite - Boeing (12 page, pdf)
Moon rock trek... There have
been several stories this week about the lunar rock first given
to Honduras that somehow got into private hands and after various
shenanigans over the years was retrieved by NASA and now returned
to Honduras: Strange
journey of a lunar rock: Official gift that landed on black market
formally returned - MSNBC - Sept.22.03
Tech: Ultimate RAM... Spintronics
may keep Moore's Law in business for several mor years at least:
Spin for Electronics - Computerworld - Sept.22.03
22, 2003 Space News
Jumping to Mars... This sequence
Rockets Toward Mars - APOD - Sept.22.03 - was taken with a camera
strapped to a lower stage booster and shows the Opportunity Mars
Exploration Rover probe separating and then firing its onboard
engine to head for the Red Planet. Reminds me of those jump to
lightspeed scenes in Star Wars and Star Trek.
More great rocketcam sequences at the Gallery
of the company Ecliptic
Enterprises Corporation that runs the systems. Now includes
videos from the launch of Opportunity's twin rover, Spirit,
on June 10.
Gunning with conductors... Not
quite big enough to hurl
rocks from the Moon to build space habitats or to propel asteroids
away the path of earth, but still pretty cool. Checkout these amateur
railgun sites Amateur
Railgun Production Journal * Railgun-Rail
gun-Railgun @ www.ezboard.com (via Geek
Stellar release... Long time
space music creator & space enthusiast Fred
Becker let me know that his Inner,
Stellar album from 1991 has recently been re-released by Space
For Music. Check out the mp3
sample. See also the review at RollingStone
20, 2003 Space News
Space multimedia extravaganza...
Planetarium will soon open a new multimedia show run by a million
dollar high performance cluster of Sun computers. It includes a
soundtrack by Moby: A
Light Show Beyond Lasers - NY Times - Sept.19.03 -
"...35 minutes of soaring, churning and immersive visualizations
set to a thumping score of techno-electronica and contemporary
rock mixed by the recording artist Moby. A recent test screening
revealed vast, surreal three-dimensional visions that morphed
back and forth from the purely abstract - a kind of kinetic, cosmic
tie-dye - to whirling wheeled machines, seas of blinking human
eyes, architectural forms and optical puns. All of it is computer-generated
and none of it involves lasers."
Tech: The Ultimate EV ...
Finally there is an electric car with super performance - 0-60mph
(97kmph) in 3.7secs - and long range - 300 miles (483km). Only problem
is that it costs $220,000: Lots
of Zoom, With Batteries - NY Times - Sept.19.03. See the AC
Propulsion web site. (The TZero page, however, currently
refers to the older version with lead-acid batteries that had less
range and slightly slower acceleration.)
18, 2003 Space News
Mapping space... This entry
at the Sharp Blue weblog speaks about the mapping of Mars and
how we are gradually getting to know the planet and its wonderfully
diverse landscape and fascinating features. See, for example, these
Maps at Ralph
Aeschliman's Planetary Cartography and Graphics site. I especially
like this topographic
map, which indicates how a wet Mars might appear if we warmed
the place up with a bit of global warming.
of Planets & Moons sub-section in Multimedia lists
several links to more such maps of our Solar System.
Rocket weekend ... Check out
the items in the Advanced
Rocketry News about some ambitious amateur/student launches
planned for this weekend including the first liquid-fueled aerospike
engine powered rocket (not just for amateurs but for anyone) and
an attempt at a UK/European team high altitude record.
17, 2003 Space News
Review of the next space nation
by James Oberg at China's
Great Leap Upward -- By boosting astronauts into orbit, China hopes
to become the newest superpower in space - Scientific American -
- Wonderful flying machine ...
Check out the video
of the flight of the largest Fanwing
built so far. Glad this concept was developed in time for the
100th anniversary of the Wright Brothers flight.
- Wish I knew how this 3-D
floating image system worked. The SciTech section has more
links to 3-D imaging systems.
16, 2003 Space News
Sci-Fi writers & space music...
I've mentioned before that one of the most surprising and gratifying
aspects of creating HobbySpace has
been the development of the Space
Music section. I originally expected to list a dozen
songs or so, such as Elton John's Rocket Man and Gustav Holst's
Planets Suites, and that would be it. Instead the section
has become one of my largest and most elaborate.
And I keep coming across new space music niches I wasn't aware
of. Today I saw this article posted at rec.music.filk: Jeff
Berkwits surveys SF Songwriters - Locus Online - Sept.13.03.
Mr Berkwits writes about songs and musical projects that involved
authors in science fiction and fantasy genres.
Ursula K. Le
Guin, for example, collaborated on a concept album based on
one of her short stories. Michael
Moorcock wrote many songs for the Space
Rock group Hawkwind and even had his own band for awhile.
In fact, I had not heard of most of the works mentioned in the article.
Check it out for a fascinating look at the intersection of music
and sci-fi creativity.
Note: I'm a bit surprised, though, that he didn't mention Filk,
which is sci-fi/fantasy themed music created usually by fans but
not always. One of the best of the Filkers, for example, is Julia
Ecklar who is known for her powerful voice and beautiful songs
but also for her sci-fi
& fantasy writing.
14, 2003 Space News
Get a business to LEO & you're halfway
to a million... The Robert
A. and Virginia Heinlein Prize for Accomplishments in Commercial
Space Activities will provide a "cash award of $500,000
to an individual or individuals for practical accomplishments in
the field of commercial space activities. The establishment of the
Heinlein Prize and details of its application process will be announced
at the 54th International Astronautics Federation Congress in Bremen,
Germany on Monday, September 29, 2003."
Space sci-fi lull... Speaking
of Heinlein, the author Spider
Robinson regrets the current lack of interest and enthusiasm
for hard science based space sci-fi, like the wonderful Heinlein
novels, but is optimistic about a revival in the long run: Forward,
into the past by Spider Robinson - The Globe and Mail - Sept.8.03
vehicle design contest...
The Mars Society
has announced a contest to design a viable Earth Return Vehicle,
which is an essential part of Robert Zubrin's Mars
Direct concept. See the Contest
& Rules Descripton (pdf) file for details. (Via
Louisiana Mars Society - Sept.14.03).
Commercializing space discussion...
Michael Mealling in Lessons
Learned - RocketForge - Sept.9.03 responds to the proposals
of C. Blake Power for commercializing space in these two postings:
Business Plan For Space - The Laughing Wolf - Sept.7.03 and
Incremental Space Business Development - The Laughing Wolf (C. Blake
Power) - Sept.8.03
SETI influence ... The project
will use massively distributed computing patterned after the SETI@home
project to do climate modelling.
Satcom recovery ... Aviation
Week confirms my recent
posting about signs of life in the satellite industry:
and Analysts See Satcom Industry Vitality--China Included - Aviation
Week - Sept.15.03
12, 2003 Space News
Space science for hire ...
NASA recently signed an agreement
with Team Encounter
to test a prototype stellar compass on the company's solar sail
for $6.5M. This follows an earlier agreement
with NOAA for the study of using solar sails as "pole sitters"
that would use the force of the solar light to balance the earth's
gravitational pull and remain in stationary (or nearly so) above
the North or South pole. Such pole sitters could carry out continual
monitoring of the atmosphere, the aurora, and other aspects of the
This has prompted me to open a new subsection called Piggyback
Space Research in the New
Space Business Concepts section. Such commissions to
private space enterprises for scientific and engineering research
projects is an excellent "win-win" approach that will
encourage commercial space development while producing useful data.
10, 2003 Space News
Sci-Tech notes ... Here are
some miscellaneous science and technolgy
items of interest that I've come across recently:
- I've added several links for solar
ovens to the Technology
for Developing Countries section. Most of the oven
designs are very simple and low cost and could offer real benefits
in areas with diminishing forests.
- At the other end of the tech scale, if what I see on American
highways is any guide, I could imagine someday looking out on
a river and seeing this RV
towing this car.
cell progress continues moving along rapidly. Typical
announcements that I see about everyday include this item on better
for methanol powered cells and an alternative hydrogen
storage material. Small fuel cells for powering laptops for
more than 12 hours could begin appearing next year.
- Efforts to reduce
sonic booms from supersonic aircraft made a big
advance. While we aren't likely to see Boeing or Airbus restarting
their supersonic airliner projects anytime soon, this development
could spur more efforts to build a small supersonic business jet.
- Speaking of small jets, the groundbreaking Eclipse
Aviation low cost jet aircraft project is back on track after
a severe crisis. The engine they originally planned to use was
found to provide insufficient power partly due to weight growth
on the vehicle. They have since found a new supplier - Pratt &
Whitney. Test flights for certification have restarted and first
deliveries of the 6 passenger Eclipse 500 are planned for 2006.
Prices will still be around $1M per plane.
- Mass produced high
quality diamonds could put the monopoly controlled diamond
business in trouble while opening up new markets.
9, 2003 Space News
Spaces songs soon... The long
promised album of space songs from Prometheus Music and the National
Space Society is getting closer to release. A title of the collection
has now been chosen (To
Touch the Stars), the web
site for the CD has been nicely revamped, and word is that the
CD will be released within months.
Several of the songs are available on MP3s. For example, check
out the song "Others
Standing By" by Kristoph Klover. It offers this inspiring refrain:
"Why would you go there?" they say.
"There's nothing up there anyway,
We could use the money here.
Don't you know that life's too dear?"
Dreamers never ask why.
Spend their money in the sky.
We'll send the best from Earth,
To find out what it's worth.
Space business turns up...
After a brutal recession in the satellite industry, there are finally
signs of revival. If true, it could not come too soon. The bankruptcies
of the satellite phone constellation projects Iridium,
and ICO happened just
as the whole telecommunications industry entered a severe downturn
around 2001. This devastated the satellite construction and space
services companies, especially in the US where imposition of heavy
export controls have also cut sales abroad. Loral,
for example, which has both satellite manufacturing and satellite
broadcasting businesses, recently entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
It expects to emerge from bankruptcy in a few months but will have
to sell its profitable US fixed satellite services business to Intelsat
to get the money to pay down debts.
Fortunately, there are several comsat areas that now look very
promising. Here's a quick scan of recent events in different segments
of the industry.
looks stronger and stronger and the stock prices of XM
Radio and Sirius
reflect that. Here are articles about satellite radio that are typical
of those that seem to come out everyday:
may finally get back into gear in the coming year. While DSL and
cable modems have made big gains in cities and suburbs, there are
still large numbers of people in rural areas who don't have access
to such systems and probably never will. Satellite broadband offers
them a real alternative.
into bankruptcy a couple years ago after a fallout with Echostar,
its main backer. Now it expects to come out of Chapter 11 later
this year: StarBand
Files Plan of Reorganization to Exit Chapter 11: Nationwide High-Speed
Internet Provider Prepares for Emergence by Year End - Starband
ICO has restarted
the construction of its constellation of medium Earth orbit (MEO)
satellites, which can provide both broadband and telephone service:
restarts work on ICO satellites - Spacetoday.net - Aug.20.03
(This is also a boost for Boeing's satellite business.)
also shows signs of getting into the air. Boeing's Connexion
has recently signed up Nippon
Airways and Scandiavia
Airlines to try the system. British Airways tested
the system successfully.
distribution... Prodded by George Lucas, filmmaking
is moving towards high resolution digital video recording and projection.
The expectation is that the films will be distributed primarily
via satellites to movie houses. Costs of the projection equipment
have slowed the conversion but it probably will happen over the
next five to ten years as cinemas try to compete with home high
definition TV on large screens showing pay-per-view movies and DVDs.
Such a big screen broadcasting distribution system could also provide
for other types of entertainment and bring new income sources to
moviehouses. This week, for example, a live concert by David Bowie
was broadcast via satellite to 20 cinemas around the world: Bowie
beaming launch to cinemas - CNN.com - Sep.8.03
Even the satphone business looks to survive. Concentrating on niche
businesses such as for remote areas and emergency communications,
the total number of users of satellite phones probably reaches about
600,000 worldwide counting subscibers to Inmarsat,
Use of such satphones by both civilian and military customers in
Iraq and Afghanistan has been especially heavy.
ICO took over majority control of Globalstar and may use its MEO
satellites, which will launch in a few years, to replace the aging
Globalstar birds: ICO
wins majority stake in Globalstar - Spacetoday.net - Apr.28.03.
Currently Globalstar has about 93,000 subscribers according to its
So we can hope
that space equipment and service businesses
will finally emerge from this tough recession into a sustained period
of stable if not booming profits.
8, 2003 Space News
First person Martian... An
open source Mars mission simulation project has been unveiled: Annoucing
the Mission to Mars Half Life 2 Mod - Mars Mod - Sept.03. The
Mars Mod Half Life
2 will be built on the Half-Life
game engine and will simulate NASA's Mars
reference mission 3.0. The project welcomes programmers
who would like to contribute to the project. Checkout the Mars
Mod forum for the latest info.
This item found via Martian
Jupiter plunge ... The aging
and ailing Galileo spacecraft will end its life by diving into Jupiter's
atmosphere later thsi month: Galileo,
13, To Commit Cosmic Suicide - Popular Science - Sept.03. Follow
7, 2003 Space News
Space radio news... Here's
some miscellaneous space radio items I came across.
Amateur webcam on the Space Station...
A slow-scan video camera will be installed in the coming year on
the Space Station. Developed jointly by the MAREX-MG
club and the Amateur
Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS), the video
would be transmitted via the amateur radio transmitters already
on the station and used routinely for communications with hams,
schools and others. Ham-radio
cam built for outer space - MSNBC - Sept.6.03
Mars calling ... The Mars
Relay transmitter on the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft,
which is currently orbiting Mars, was recently tested again by NASA's
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and the Stanford Research Institute
(SRI). (See news
entry at the ARRLWeb - Aug.27.03). Some amateur space radio
enthusiasts were able to pick up the signals from this low power
UHF transmitter when it was tested once before during the spacecraft's
flight to Mars. However, it was only a third of the way to Mars
at the time of that test and no word yet on whether any amateurs
picked up signals this time. (This could have implications for communications
with the planned amateur
Mars mission - P5-A).
Extra-Terrestrial QSL Cards... If
some amateurs do find the Mars Relay signals, they will well deserve
League Extra-Terrestrial QSL Cards which are awarded to those
hams who manage to get a confirmed contact with a non-terrestrial
Moonbouncing & SETI... Speaking
of the SETI League, besides looking for signals form extraterrestrials,
they also run a EME
Station, where EME
for stands for Earth-Moon-Earth communications, otherwise known
as moonbouncing. In this hobby, radio signals are transmitted
towards the Moon and the reflected signals are picked up. Good practice
for SETI work.
And speaking of EME, don't miss the 11th
International EME [Earth-Moon-Earth] Conference will be held
on Aug. 6-8, 2004 in New Jersey.
4, 2003 Space News
Music in Orbit... This article
Station Notes: A surprising number of astronauts are also musicians--and
they love to play in space. - Science@NASA - Sept.4.03 - reports
on music performed by astronauts aboard the Space Station. They
were allowed to take flutes, keyboards, and other instruments with
them to help them enjoy their long stays away from home. Also, check
out this report - Mobile
Space Station- Stargazer - on an Elvis in space sighting!
The last space waltz... The
space band ZIA will
perform its final concert in New York City this Saturday. According
to the press relase, "Elaine Walker is moving to a different
planet (with a very warm climate) to create her cosmic music. Liz
will also be flying solo with her piano vocal performances in NYC,
and Matt will continue to play with Space Robot Scientists and pursue
his acting career." I believe that Elaine is referring to the
planet Arizona rather than Venus or Mercury.
Check out the spacey sounds this Saturday, September 6, 2003 @
9:30PM at Downtime/Albion-Batcave 251 West 30th Street (7th/8th
News briefs ... The winner
of the ESA
science fiction contest has been announced: Winner
announced for science fiction competition - ESA - Sept.3.03
... Glad to see that the Team
American Rocketry competition will return for the 2004 school
Apply For 2004 Team American Rocketry Challenge - AIA - Sept.3.03
... Also, nice to see that
Lance Bass is taking the time to support space education even though
his own trip didn't happen. As Youth Spokesman for the World
Space Week, he is sponsoring the Lance
Competition where students must submit essays on how to develop
Lab where he could live and work in space.
... Rand Simberg talks about
the difference between apparent and genuine space economics: Broken
Windows and Shattered Dreams by Rand Simberg - FOXNews.com - Sept.4.03.
This jives with my own editorial
about the importance of productivity in raising living standards.
3, 2003 Space News
Goddard biographer interview...
Nnamdi [Radio] Show yesterday had an interview with David Clary,
the author of Rocket Man: Robert H. Goddard and the Birth of
the Space Age (Amazon).
You can listen to the interview via audio
streaming. This will eventually move to the show archives.
(Thanks to Andrew Case for this item.)
News briefs ... Michael Mealling
at Rocketforge surveys attitudes towards space development: We
Want To Go, Damn It! - RocketForge - Aug.30.03 ...
... Consider attending the
Frontier Foundation - Space Frontier Conference XII in Los Angeles,
California, on Oct. 10 - 12, 2003.
2, 2003 Space News
Why Space Science over Space Engineering?
This article - Failure
Is Always an Option - NY Times - Aug.29.03 - reminds me of a
long time gripe I've had about the higher degree of prestige given
to science relative to engineering in the US. I have a doctorate
in experimental physics so I'm not griping out of envy. I just don't
understand why, for example, it is a greater accomplishment or more
meaningful to mankind to understand the geology (or areology) of
Mars than it is, say, to develop the technology for building a base
Many scientists portray technology as the trivial consequence of
good science. In fact, the opposite has usually been the case. New
technologies developed for practical applications allowed new types
of experiments that produced scientific advances and even created
whole new sciences.The invention of the vacuum pump, for example,
one of the most important tools in the history of science, can be
traced back to a device used to pump water out of coal mines. Computers
developed for financial bookkeeping became the essential computational
engines for modern scientific advancements.
Burke in his Connections books, columns, and TV mini-series
has long had great fun in following the paths of practical inventions
that led up to great scientific breakthroughs and milestones.)
We constantly hear politicians and NASA managers claiming that
the shuttle and space station are essential because of the great
science they will provide. On the other hand, many, if not most,
scientists actually want to stop human spaceflight funding completely
and grab the rest of the NASA budget for science missions with robotic
spacecraft. (They believe they can do this despite the fact that
the NASA space science funding is already of the same scale as the
entire National Science Foundation budget.)
There is more than a little ingratitude and shortsightedness in
their attitude. Most of the early pioneers in rocketry such as von
Braun were not in the field to help science. They had long term
goals of exploration and settlement of the solar system in mind
and sought to develop the technology to make it happen. (This primary
interest in the engineering of rocketry and space development was
also true for Goddard and Oberth, though both had high academic
The accomplishments of the rocketry engineers made possible the
discoveries of Van Allen and all the other space scientists that
followed. Similarly the technologies developed today to make human
spaceflight and settlement in space more practical will lead to
great scientific discoveries in the future. A base on Mars, for
example, would make the study of Mars geology much more efficient
and effective than with a long sequence of robotic landers. (See
vs Robots in the Space
Controversies section for more about this debate.)
Critics of human spaceflight ridicule claims that it produces spinoffs
and indirect benefits. However, scientists should realize that if
the human spaceflight programs went away, the same demands for direct
short term payoffs would soon be made on their research. Only a
minuscule fraction of space science will ever have any direct practical
benefit. In fact, this is true of most basic science research.
I certainly believe that accumulation of knowledge is a great good
in and of itself. Yet I don't hold scientific knowledge in greater
esteem than engineering knowledge, which is what comes mostly from
human spaceflight projects. It's time to proclaim proudly that we
go into space to learn how to live, work, and settle there and that
this will lead to great advances in both engineering and scientific
News briefs... A reader sent
me these links to interesting articles in the Economist magazine
me to the moon : The first European mission to the moon is scheduled
to blast off in October - Economist - Aug.21.03 and NASA
Backgrounder, which links to other Economist articles...
... Checkout the striking images
of Mars taken by the Hubble Space Telescope: Mars:
Closest Encounter - HubbleSite - Aug.22.03
to August 2003 articles in archive